Excited Delirium: A Case Review
Upon conclusion of this course, students will be able to:
- Define the hallmarks of excited delirium syndrome;
- Understand the IMCRASS scoring system of agitation;
- Differentiate sedation options and their applications;
- Articulate the symptoms and signs of toxic encephalopathy.
1. DeBard ML, Adler J, Bozeman W, Chan T, et al.; ACEP Excited Delirium Task Force. White Paper Report on Excited Delirium Syndrome. ACEP, 2009; www.acep.org/globalassets/uploads/uploaded-files/acep/clinical-and-practice-management/ems-and-disaster-preparedness/ems-resources/acep-excited-delirium-white-paper-final-form.pdf.
2. Mash D. Excited Delirium and Sudden Death: A Syndromal Disorder at the Extreme End of the Neuropsychiatric Continuum. Front Physiol, 2016; 7: 435.
3. Pennsylvania Department of Health. Excited Delirium Statewide ALS Protocol (Optional), www.stems.us/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/PA_ALS_8002.pdf.
4. Clark AK, Wilder CM, Winstanley EL. A systematic review of community opioid overdose prevention and naloxone distribution programs. J Addict Med, 2014 May–Jun; 8(3): 153–63.
5. Farkas A, Lynch MJ, Westover R, et al. Pulmonary Complications of Opioid Overdose Treated With Naloxone. Ann Emerg Med, 2020 Jan; 75(1): 39–48.
6. Associated Press. Pittsburgh authorities identify 3 who died in suspected mass overdose. NBC News, www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/pittsburgh-authorities-identify-3-who-died-suspected-mass-overdose-n1057526.
7. American College of Medical Toxicology. Ketamine statement, 2020 Sep 28; www.acmt.net/_Library/Positions/Ketamine_sedation_and_law_enforcement.pdf.
After passing the course, your certificate will be available for download here.