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Hospice: End of Life But Not End of Care

Upon conclusion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Describe the history, mission, and demographics of hospice care;
  • Define the roles and responsibilities of the EMS provider in hospice care;
  • Identify equipment, medications, and other supplies for hospice care;
  • Understand the hallmarks of the stages of death.


1. Bonebrake D, Culver C, Call K, Ward-Smith P. Clinically differentiating palliative care and hospice. Clin J Oncol Nurs, 2010 Jun; 14(3): 273–5.

2. American Medical Association. Hospice and Palliative Care,

3. Barishansky RM. Palliative Care & EMS. EMS World, 2007 Sep;

4. National Institute on Aging. What Are Palliative Care and Hospice Care?,

5. National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization. NHCPO Facts and Figures, 2018 Edition,

6. National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization. Patients and Caregivers,

7. Perez J, Baldessarini RJ, Undurraga J, Sanchez-Moreno J. Origins of psychiatric hospitalization in medieval Spain. Psychiatr Q, 2012 Dec; 83(4): 419–30.

8. Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Purpose & History,

9. Britannica. Hospitallers,

10. Krisman-Scott MA. Origins of Hospice in the United States: The Care of the Dying, 1945–1975. J Hospice Palliative Nurs, 2003 Oct; 5(4): 205–10.

11. Clark D. Cicely Saunders—Founder of the Hospice Movement: Selected Letters 1959–1999. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

12. Richmond C. Dame Cicely Saunders. BMJ, 2005 Jul 23; 331(7,510): 238.

13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Hospice Care,

14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Long-term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States, 2015–2016. Vital and Health Statistics, 2019 Feb; 3(43);

15. Head B. The Transforming Power of Prison Hospice: Changing the Culture of Incarceration One Life at a Time. J Hospice Palliative Nurs, 2005 Nov; 7(6): 360–1.

16. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Pulse Oximeters and Oxygen Concentrators: What to Know About At-Home Oxygen Therapy,

17. Kubler-Ross E, Kessler D. On Grief and Grieving: Finding the Meaning of Grief Through the Five Stages of Loss. New York, NY: Scribner, 2005.

18. Phillips AC, Gallagher S, Hunt K, Der G, Carroll D. Symptoms of depression in non-routine caregivers: The role of caregiver strain and burden. Brit J Clin Psych, 2008 Nov; 48(Pt 4): 335–46.

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  • Credits
  • After passing the course, your certificate will be available for download here.