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The Forgotten Patient: Residual Effects on Bystanders Who Give CPR-Paul Snobelen

The Lay Responder Support Model (LRSM) is a Peel Regional Paramedic Service initiative that provides a framework to capture first-hand information from the lay responders’ perspective about their experience of providing CPR and using an AED. In addition, we will further highlight the need to understand the psychological impact of lay-responders responding to a sudden cardiac arrest and developing a systematic approach to support individuals after such an event which includes a Bystander Network bringing together revivers and survivors to support future research.

Learning Objectives:

1. Understand resuscitation from a lay responders perspective.

2. Define lay responder cognitive distortions during resuscitation.

3. Define the difference between psychological debriefing and technical debriefing.


Mausz J, Snobelen P, Tavares W. “Please. Don’t. Die.”: A grounded theory study of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 2018;11:1–9. doi:10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.117.004035.

Snobelen P, Pellegrino J, Nevils G, Dainty K. “Helping Those Who Help”: The Lay Responder Post-Arrest Support Model. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 2018;11:e004702. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.118.004702

  • Format
  • Duration
    1 hour
  • Credits
    1 CE
  • After passing the course, your certificate will be available for download here.